Categories
Cancers

BREAST CANCER


Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide.

It affects both men and women, but more common in women in a ratio of 100:1. I in 12 Black women will have breast cancer

Risk factors

  1. Age: rare before 20 years. More common in those >40 years.

  2. Gender: more common in women. Accounts for over 40% cancers in Nigerian women, and 1% in men

  3. Genetic predisposition

  4. Prolonged exposure to estrogen as in early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity (childllessness) and and prolonged use of oral contraceptive pill (over 5 years)

  5. Tobacco Smoking and alcohol consumption

  6. Previous breast lump

  7. Obesity

  8. Radiations

What do you know about it?
Ok! I know you know it is currently the most common cancer in women.
But do you know you can detect it at its earliest stage, and continue with your life?
Long ago, it was thought to occur only in elderly women, but now studies have found it can occur at an earlier age in African women.

Symptoms

Breast cancer usually presents as a

  1. Painless lump in over 90% of the cases. do this is the reason why you should always examine your breast every month, as you may never know until it’s too late.

  2. Blood stained Nipple discharge

  3. Nipple changes like inversion, retraction

  4. Ulceration of nipple and overlying skin

  5. Lump in the armpit or arm etc

Prevention

  1. SELF EXAMINATION. This simple method can help you detect breast cancer at its early stage, making prognosis very good.

How is this done?

  • Ideally it should be done every month #(7days after your menstrual flow).
  • Lying down face up (supine).
  • The two breasts should be examined. ….checking for a lump including the areola/nipple area.
    Don’t forget your #axilla (armpit). Yes, the breast can extend to that region in some women. It’s called Axillary tail. Lumps can be located in any part if the breast.
  • This is recommended for every female from #20years. Yes! 20years.
  • Any abnormality found should be reported to a Doctor.

However, if you have a relative who had breast cancer be it mother, aunt, sister, grandmother; in addition to Self breast examination, you should be examined by a Doctor every year.

  1. Prophylactictic mastectomy : this is the surgicsl removal of the breast to prevent cancer of the breast.

Angelina Jolie, the famous American actress and Academy Award winner, announced that doctors told her she had an 87 percent risk of breast cancer because of a certain gene she was carrying. Shortly after that, Jolie underwent a preventative double mastectomy.

Angelina Jolie
  1. Early marriage to ensure first pregnancy is achieved before the age of 30 years. First pregnancy after 30 years increases the risk of breast cancer.

  2. No tobacco or alcohol consumption

  3. Mammogram: Women with an average risk of breast cancer should undergo regular screening mammography starting at 45 years of age

  4. Avoid sedentary lifestyle and exercise more often.

Forget all myths you heard about it, an early detection provides you an excellent chance of long term survival.

Categories
Cancers Women's health

Cervical cancer, what you must know.


The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus, an organ of the female reproductive tract. It connects the vagina with the main body of the uterus, acting as a gateway between them.

CERVICAL CANCER is a #sexually transmitted disease* caused by a virus Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Strange right? It is usually seen among women above the age of 40 years. However the incidence is now rising in those less than 30 

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

It’s s the commonest gynecological cancer in our environment because of the absence of screening guidelines unlike in developed countries.

It is only seen in women who are sexually active and usually in those with multiple sexual partners So the big question is… What is multiple sexual partner*?

PREVENTION

It can be prevented through:

  1. Abstinence . Very straightforward. A virgin can’t have Cervical cancer. It’s that simple.

2.FAITHFULNESS: Not just being faithful to your partner but being FAITHFUL TO A FAITHFUL PARTNER. Yes,this is very important. If you’re faithful to your partner who has 3 other partners…..I’m sorry because it’s as good as nothing. Infact it also means you’re involved indirectly with those other partners of his and that also makes you at risk of acquiring this virus. So do you trust your PARTNER? Condom doesn’t confer any protection. Don’t ever forget this.

Condom does not confer any protection

3.VACCINE!:
This seems like the most realistic. The vaccine is available
It is recommended that they be given to all females at 11 – 12 years of age routinely, as well as girls and women age 13 – 26 years who have not been vaccinated (catch-up population), it can be given as early as 9 years of age.
These vaccines are preventive as they prevent cervical cancer and do not cute it.
All HPV vaccines should be given as a 3-dose schedule, with the second dose given 1 to 2 months after the first dose and the third dose 6 months after the first dose. The minimum interval between the first and second doses of vaccine is 4 weeks. The minimum interval between the 2nd and 3rd dose is 6weeks.

THOSE WHO ARE SEXUALLY ACTIVE BUT WISH TO RECEIVE THE VACCINE?

Individuals who are already sexually exposed who wish to receive this vaccine must first be SCREENED.

SCREENING:

This is important because Cancer of the cervix manifests slowly and first as a pre-malignant lesion (precancerous) which can take several years to become a full blown cancer. So when detected at this pre-malignant stage, it can be treated.

The screening methods include:
1. Papanicolaou test (Pap smear)

  1. HPV testing

3. Colposcopy

Who isn’t eligible?

Everyone isn’t eligible for it. It can’t be given to
1. Females less than 9yrs

2.Pregnant women. It is not

recommended during pregnancy and should be given after delivery.

3.HIV patients

Click here on the link above ☝️☝️☝️☝️☝️☝️ to read about this 22yrs old girl with Cervical cancer



If you reside in Imo or within its environs and wish to receive this vaccine,  please indicate here or drop Whatsapp message at 08058542816