Categories
General

PROSTATE


Are you a man, above 40 years of age, and you do not know your current PSA level? You cannot be my friend. Well, let me make excuses for you and pardon you. But after reading this and you still don’t make a conscious effort to know your PSA level, ”KINDLY DELETE MY NUMBER PLEASE” 🤣🤣

At a bank a few weeks ago, I met this elderly man. He stood behind me on a queue. He asked to be excused to go ‘ease’ himself, so I could keep his position for him. I noticed he was practically 🏃 running to go.

After 15 minutes, he was yet to return. It was almost my turn, so I assumed he must have found an alternative or probably changed his mind and gone home. Lo and behold there he was.

“What took you so long Sir”? I asked

“My daughter you won’t understand” he replied.

Well, that was it.

A few minutes later, a discussion on Covid19 ensued among the customers. They all had differing views about Covid-19; with a majority, still thinking it is a “scam”. I did not want to be part of it, however I couldn’t help it after a particular lady claimed she knew people who were told they were infected while they never did. I was compelled to join the conversation at this point.

I tried to buttress the fact that Covid-19 is real. “While safety measures must be observed, however, it is not a death sentence. Once you observe symptoms, please do the needful by seeking appropriate medical attention.”

I didn’t realize the way I spoke and the manner in which I contradicted the lady was very obvious to him. He moved closer to me and asked
“Are you a Health worker”?
I smiled. I was not surprised. Of course.

I introduced myself, stating clearly, who I was. He lowered the tone of his voice and confided in me why he wasted so much time when he went to ease himself.

“My dear, for over a year now, I’ve been finding it very difficult to urinate.”

“Difficult? How exactly Sir?

“Whenever I’m pressed, no matter how hard I strain, the urine takes a little time to flow and I also noticed I now urinate more often than I used to and, my urine doesn’t flow well anymore.”

And

“How old are you Sir?” I asked

“You should see a Urologist.” I explained to him who a Urologist is. I reassured him all he needs is to see a Doctor.

So this brings me to today’s topic for discussion…

PROSTATE CANCER


The Prostate is an organ seen only in Men. Prostate cancer is the commonest cancer in men and it is the second leading cause of death in men after lung cancer.

Ideally, every man above the age of 40 years should go for routine annual medical checkup. An assessment of the prostate gland is part of this routine. The prostate gland also never stops growing and can become so big as to cause an obstruction to urine flow.

Factors increasing the risk of Cancer of the prostate are:

1. Age: more in those above 65 years


2. Black race (commoner among blacks than in whites)
3. Hereditary factors: if there is a male relative who has or had it, chances are higher
4. Increased animal fat intake
5. Increased calcium intake

Fats


The only way to prevent prostate disease (be it cancer or enlargement) is to be castrated. Eunuchs do not have prostate enlargement.

Eunuchs do not have Prostate cancer

Factors decreasing the incidence:
i- Isoflavavenoid
ii- Carotenoids e.g tomato, red oil
iii- Vit E
iv- Selenium
v- Red wine.

Tomatoes should be your friend

PSA stands for *PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN. PSA is produced by the prostate gland and the level is readily measured in the blood of men. It gives an idea of the state of the Prostate gland. The value is increased in Cancer of the Prostate, However it does not always signify there’s cancer, because other factors can causes its increase.

If you notice any of these changes below, go see your doctor:

Frequent urination
  • Inability to control urine
  • Straining to urinate
  • Delay in initiating the urine even when you’re pressed
  • Inability to pass urine
  • Reduction in urine volume
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent urination at night
  • Inability to hold urine
  • Poor urine flow
  • Urge to always urinate even after voiding
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
Frequent pain


These and a few others should never be taken for granted.

Prostate cancer is not the only cause of these symptoms. Enlargement of the prostate, which is common above the age of 40 years, can.

Therefore, it means any man above the age of 40 years must have his Prostate examined. When prostate cancer is detected early in the disease, the chances of achieving complete cure is very high. Prostate cancer is very common. There are no two ways about it.


 
I am living proof that if you catch prostate cancer early, it can be reduced to a temporary inconvenience, and you can go back to a normal life.
Norman Schwarzkopf

This post is not just for men alone, but also for that wife, mother, daughter, sister or a friend to any man above the age of 40 years…this is as important to you as it is to them.
Let’s fight this Cancer. A stitch in time, they say, saves nine (and money too).

This has not changed.

I come in Peace

Disclaimer: This post is not for diagnostic purposes. It is strictly for awareness and educative purposes.

Categories
Cancers

BREAST CANCER


Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women worldwide.

It affects both men and women, but more common in women in a ratio of 100:1. I in 12 Black women will have breast cancer

Risk factors

  1. Age: rare before 20 years. More common in those >40 years.

  2. Gender: more common in women. Accounts for over 40% cancers in Nigerian women, and 1% in men

  3. Genetic predisposition

  4. Prolonged exposure to estrogen as in early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity (childllessness) and and prolonged use of oral contraceptive pill (over 5 years)

  5. Tobacco Smoking and alcohol consumption

  6. Previous breast lump

  7. Obesity

  8. Radiations

What do you know about it?
Ok! I know you know it is currently the most common cancer in women.
But do you know you can detect it at its earliest stage, and continue with your life?
Long ago, it was thought to occur only in elderly women, but now studies have found it can occur at an earlier age in African women.

Symptoms

Breast cancer usually presents as a

  1. Painless lump in over 90% of the cases. do this is the reason why you should always examine your breast every month, as you may never know until it’s too late.

  2. Blood stained Nipple discharge

  3. Nipple changes like inversion, retraction

  4. Ulceration of nipple and overlying skin

  5. Lump in the armpit or arm etc

Prevention

  1. SELF EXAMINATION. This simple method can help you detect breast cancer at its early stage, making prognosis very good.

How is this done?

  • Ideally it should be done every month #(7days after your menstrual flow).
  • Lying down face up (supine).
  • The two breasts should be examined. ….checking for a lump including the areola/nipple area.
    Don’t forget your #axilla (armpit). Yes, the breast can extend to that region in some women. It’s called Axillary tail. Lumps can be located in any part if the breast.
  • This is recommended for every female from #20years. Yes! 20years.
  • Any abnormality found should be reported to a Doctor.

However, if you have a relative who had breast cancer be it mother, aunt, sister, grandmother; in addition to Self breast examination, you should be examined by a Doctor every year.

  1. Prophylactictic mastectomy : this is the surgicsl removal of the breast to prevent cancer of the breast.

Angelina Jolie, the famous American actress and Academy Award winner, announced that doctors told her she had an 87 percent risk of breast cancer because of a certain gene she was carrying. Shortly after that, Jolie underwent a preventative double mastectomy.

Angelina Jolie

  1. Early marriage to ensure first pregnancy is achieved before the age of 30 years. First pregnancy after 30 years increases the risk of breast cancer.

  2. No tobacco or alcohol consumption

  3. Mammogram: Women with an average risk of breast cancer should undergo regular screening mammography starting at 45 years of age

  4. Avoid sedentary lifestyle and exercise more often.

Forget all myths you heard about it, an early detection provides you an excellent chance of long term survival.